what is the european union quizlet
- Powers over legislation: They can send representatives in early development meetings held by the commission. The open border allows the free flow of goods and people. - The Eurozone are the states are involved with the euros. Candidates most be confirmed by the EP. Where? A blocking needs 4 states representing 35%. Is the European Union: 1) an international organization, 2) a federal state, 3) a confederation, 4) an economic bloc, 5) sui generis political system, 6) other? Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. They don't control the fisical things. - Most issues by qualified majority voting or QMV - which prevent big states in having to much power and incourage to form colusions. beyond nation states, EU commission is government, which council and parliament is the legislative; supranational, Council of EU is main institution, must be unanimous, has veto power, intergovernmental, works like international organization, Works for EU as a whole, similar to a community, Works like international, negotiates for best interest of individual countries, Carefully managed process that helps countries extend peace, stability; EU remains open to any country that fulfills requirements, The bicycle is stable as long as it keeps moving, but once it stops, it falls, financial crisis, enlargement of member states, economic and political role of EU in the world, ability to coordinate a community response while adjusting for different ways members have been affected, It is easier to reduce trade barriers than to agree on common policies that involves spending substantial amounts of tax money; Euro is neutral and can be explosive; crisis can reinforce nation state instead of strengthen regionalism. When was European Economic Community formed? Only the most political, sensitive and controversial things goes to the ministers. It has grown because of now they have one member from every country, the institutions have grown, should it be this powerful? To some, the EU is an overblown bureaucracy that drains money and compromises the power of sovereign states. There are three sources of EU law: primary law, secondary law and supplementary law. GDPR.EU is a website operated by Proton Technologies AG, which is co-funded by Project REP-791727-1 of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union. - It is not a European superstate, and suggestions that it might one day become a United States of Europe are greeted with a volatile mixture of enthusiasm and hostility. They are criminal intelligence. Explain the functions and structure of the European Central Bank (ECB). January 1999, switched on january 1 2002. This is not an official EU Commission or Government resource. Learn more about the EU … After the Treaty on European Union, who was responsible for monetary policy? What changes were made to the institutional framework of the European Coal and Steel Community? a) 25 March 1957. - It cannot directly introduce proposals for new laws. The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.It implements a system of agricultural subsidies and other programmes. EU GDP in 2017: 1. - The franco-german axis has always been critical due to influence by the strong personal relations. A proposal had to win a triple majority. There are 50 countries in Europe and the largest country is Russia. It is now having a single currency (Euro) and a single Banking Union system. Aspect of monetary policy and intersest rate, control inflation, insure price stability, insuring safety of other banks within the EU. - Based in Justus Liosius building in Brussel. This was a kick-start for economic integration and brought new members to the European community. What is the interrelation between World War II and the design of the European Union? Mainly focus were to initiate policy and to oversee implementation. The orgin can be tracked to the high authority of the ecsc. Usally has a politcal background. The European coal and steel union. In terms of the total value of all goods and services produced (GDP), it is bigger than the US economy. Give employer, workers etc a place where they could meet and talk and issue opinions to the commission, the council of ministers and the parliament. (European Parliament), Explain the ordinary legislative procedure. The European Union has helped to improve local environments. - It grew out of the Special Council of Ministers of the ECSC which was created at the insistence of the Benelux countries to defend their national intereset. The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. The High Authority would not be enough. It was in favor for larger countries, every country needed to accept it for it to be approved. Någon annan council. How is the President selected and what are his/her responsibilities? What changes did the Treaty on European Union effect? 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the European Union and the USA hold regular presi-dential summits. If there is a free trade on coal and steel, and can wash and see something. What kind of organization is the European Union? Under fiscal union decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions, shared by the participating governments. board of governors consisting of finance ministers, a decision-making board of directors (27 member plus representative from the European commission). 1. community pillar 2 and 3. The term also refers to the “European Communities,” which originally comprised the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC; dissolved in 2002), and the European Atomic - Started as Common Assembly of the ECSC in 1952. It is not doing great for integrating, it's unice but what should it be? How has the Court contributed to European integration? Explain the powers of the Council of the European Union. The European Union (EU) is a group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy. What they do: oversees attempt to coordinate the economic policies of member states, digning international tretien on behalf of the EU, approving the EU budget, promoting the cpmmon foreign and security policy. How often does the European Council meet? Explain the distinction between the European System of Central Banks and the Eurosystem. Not police officer for the union. It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions and secessions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of the states in Europe. How is the President of the European Commission selected and appointed? 60 shareholder countries, in big economies, the us japan etc. - The treaty of Rome can be seen as the forerunners of the institutions of EU today: a commission that served as a quasi-executive, a council of ministers and a parliamentary assembly that performed legislative functions and a court of justice. In making appointments there are three main factors. There are two main activities that they do: What is the main objective of the European Council? green smiley will pop up if get question right. The six founding countries are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The first 6 created European economic community (EEC) with the goal of creating a single market. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. The ECB started in 1998 following the Treaty of Amsterdam that amended the Treaty on the European Union. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. European Union Quiz Questions and Answers. The commissions responisibility is to make sure the treaties are being held. - Instead of high authority the EEC had an appointed nine-member quasi-executive commission that had less power to impose decisions on member states. Now all in Brussel. Europeans will soon consider a proposed constitution for the European Union that is very different from the U.S. Constitution. Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. Commission has the monopoly on development of the laws.EP and council of ministers interact on debate over the adoption of laws. Explain the configurations of the Council of the European Union. Explain the origin and evolution of the European Council. 1958, They borrow from to make for infrastructure for example (50%). 2. - The creation of the positions of president of the curopean council and high representative of the union for foreign affairs and security policy. Can we strive for equality? Has become a silent threat to the member states. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The organization aimed at reducing trade barriers; enhance cooperation and regional integration among its members The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) combined the European Union member states into a cohesive economic system. It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. Why the delay? The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. They choose to start the EU, and they can choose to leave, so is it just an organization? What is the relevance of the end of WWII in relation to the genesis of the European Union? On May 9 it is Europe day, he announced it on that day because of the Schuman declaration, the first start of EU 1950. There have been fewer wars fought on the continent then at any time since the reign of the Roman Empire over the region. T he European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. Hard with accommodation in Strasbourg - plenty of plenaries are not well attended. Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. - Created in 1974 because of need of stronger leadership. When did Single European Act come into effect? SSenate for presidental nomines to the cabinet. Schuman decleration on may 9 1950. How is voting conducted in the Council of the European Union? Holds its plenary sessions, meets there for only 3 or 4 days a month. Why did the draft Constitutional Treaty fail? 4. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. d) 1981. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. They have the Eurosystem: every member state that has adopted the euro. It can be used as stand-alone activity or alongside publication ‘EU&ME’. Ireland saw the EEC as a potential boost for its industrial plans and to reduce the reliance on agriculture and Britain. Explain the evolution of the ECJ and its origin. The Act is valuable link between Brussels and the member states ensuring that views are expressed and defended. From the Roman Empire to the European Union, the historical pattern of development in Europe is a model study in regional geography. This was critized - to hard for approval. European citixenship. When did the Treaty on European Union come into effect? Petitions are examined by Parliament’s Committee on Petitions, which makes a decision on their admissibility and is responsible for dealing with them. Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. Policy The European Commission established the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) in 2000 to help identify the most environmentally and cost-effective policies and measures that can be taken at European level to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Investing in the poor so we can have a single market for example. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). Amsterdam (1997 - 1999) enlargment of the eu to the east , launching single currency, asylum, immigration, unemployment, social policy, health protection. There are many committies as well. 5. What is Europe? What were the achievements of the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice? Created econ and pol integration by common currency (the euro), and common banking system/law enforcement; made co-decision real, Free movement of goods; free movement of services, free movement of capital, free movement of people, EC established a common market that took down internal barriers to trade within the EC, Increased decision making power of parliament, co-decision procedure became more effective, union respects fundamental rights. Describe the circumstances of the first and second rounds of enlargement. They have a common market with a single currency. - Strasbourg, France. It's about the currency, In Frankfurt. Brittan had approved from the US who supported the community. It is the successor to the European Monetary System ( … What are the responsibilities of the Presidency? It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organisation. Why did Britain turn down membership in the euro? Poor countries as eastern Europe get the most. What were the three pillars of the newly formed European Union? more. Judges depends on the sice of the case. To make war impossible? It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. You have two attempts answer each question. Explain the functions and structure of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). A reformed strengthend european community, a common foreign and security policy that would replace eps, new policies on justice and home affairs. Has the court grown and been more efficient? It was marketing, he maybe didn't have the political will but he got it out there, free trade for coal and steel. Since the formation of the EU, the quality of the seas and beaches that are found throughout the continent have improved dramatically. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. It increased the international influence of the EEC (largest economic bloc in the world). How is voting conducted in the European Commission? Find GCSE resources for every subject. What is the EU institution that discusses new laws and coordinates policy between the member countries? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The quiz below is designed to test your knowledge on Europe and the European Union. The role changed quickly. Why was the origin of the European Union based in coal and steel? Economic and political integration whereby countries coordinate aspects of their economic and political systems. Under the rules of QVM from Trety of Nice, each EU member state was given several votes roughly in proportion to its population for a total of 352. - National delegations normally have issues they want to raise in meetings. Publish own initative. They do the detailed work of the council , attempting between meeting on reaching agreements on as many proposal as possible. It eliminates all border controls between members. Explain the structure of the ECJ and the role of each of its elements. The assembly had no power of law for the ECSC or influence lawmaking. Moreover, the European Union regulates trade with one set of regulations, which makes business much more efficient. The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is not an end in itself. It was introduced in 1962 and has undergone several changes since then to reduce the cost (from 73% of the EEC budget in 1985 to 37% of the EU budget in 2017) and to also consider rural development in its aims. There are a lot of information the lawmaker doesn't have information about - they don't know for example everything about chemicals. It also addresses the transfer of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas. Build a body of common law for the EU that is equally, fairly, and uniformly applied throughout the member states. EU has a kind of central government, serenity - government power. The European Union is a political organization which includes a number of European countries. June 18, 2017 by Louise Gaille. EU itself is a shareholder and the eu investment bank. Maybe there is nothing like it, something we haven't seen before. Generating new laws, overseeing implementation, eu budget, representing eu on international negotiation. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! In which ways does the EP lack defining powers of a legislature? The European Parliament is the most environmentally friendly institution. The European Union (EU) is a unique partnership in which member states have pooled sovereignty in certain policy areas and harmonized laws on a wide range of economic and political issues. For others, it is the … They dreamed of integrating European economies and removing controls on the movement of people, money, goods, and services; they were driven by the desire to promote peace and to build a single European market that could compete with the United States. Public participation and gap filling, it is an interest group. Every EU citizen has the right to submit a petition to the European Parliament in one of the official languages of the EU, in the form of a complaint or a request, on an issue that falls within the European Union’s fields of activity. Who is the President of the European Commission? Initally the parliament was limited to the consulation procudre, accept or no.